Diabetes is a chronic condition where the body can’t produce enough insulin or is unable to use it as well as it should. As a result of the lack of insulin or inability for cells to respond to insulin, too much blood sugar accumulates in the bloodstream and is unable to be converted into energy like we need. If this is poorly managed over time it can lead to serious complications including heart disease, chronic kidney disease, stroke, nerve damage, vision loss and limb amputation. Type 2 diabetes is the fastest growing chronic disease in Australia & Western countries, seeing rapid growth in prevalence in the past 2 decades. However, Type 2 diabetes is largely preventable and can be managed effectively with the appropriate exercise and lifestyle modifications.

Stats

One in twenty Australians had diabetes in 2020-2021 (5.3% or 1.3 million people); this figure jumps to one in five (19.2%) people over 75 years of age.

Weight loss is important for prevention of T2D. Analysis of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) indicated that there was a 16% reduction in diabetes risk per kilogram of weight loss Studies have shown that people with pre-diabetes who lose weight and increase their physical activity can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes and in some cases return their blood glucose levels to normal.

65-80% of people living with diabetes will die from coronary artery disease. The leading cause of kidney failure, non-traumatic lower limb amputations, heart disease, stroke and new cases of blindness among adults are all directly related to diabetes

What can I do to prevent Diabetes ?

The great thing is that Type 2 Diabetes is largely preventable and there’s a significant amount that we can do to decrease the risk of diabetes onset. We know that poor lifestyle choices can diminish the action & production of insulin and this heightens the risk of Type 2 Diabetes and other lifestyle diseases. Risk factors for diabetes include: Being overweight or obese, Over 40 years of ago Eating lots of sugary &/or fatty foods Leading a sedentary lifestyle or engaging in minimal physical activity Having a family history of diabetes. If you present with any of the risk factors above it is important to take action of your health and begin changing some lifestyle habits. The reality is that your risk will only increase if you do not become proactive and take control of your health. People who follow a low fat & calorie diet & exercise for 30 minutes per day for 5 days each week are 90% less likely to develop diabetes.

If you don’t know where to start, our Exercise Physiologists have a wealth of knowledge at their disposal to help you on your journey and tailor exercises for your level and experience